Motivation in Life
Motivation is next to directing/leading. Managers can motivate their subordinates while guiding them. Motivating means encouraging people to take more initiative and interest in the work assigned. It is an art of getting things done willingly from others.

Motivation avoids clashes and non-cooperation and brings harmony, unity and co-operative outlook among employees. Mangers have to work as motivators of their subordinates. For this, effective communication, proper appreciation of work done and positive encouragement are necessary and useful. Motivation is inspiring and encouraging people to work more and contribute for achieving the objectives of the company. The creation of the desire and willingness to perform the job efficiently is known as motivation.
Motivation is a psychological and sociological concept as it relates to human behavior and human relations. It is the most fundamental and all pervasive concept of psychology. For motivation, sweet words are useful but are certainly not adequate. Motivation basically relates to human needs, desires and exceptions. In other words, theses factors suggest the measures which can be used for the motivation of employees.
In motivation, efforts should be made to satisfy the different needs of employees so that they will be satisfied, happy and away from tensions. This creates favorable environment, because of which employees take more interest and initiative in the work and perform their jobs efficiently. Motivation is a technique of creating attraction for the job. It is encouraging employees for better performance in order to achieve the goals of an Organization. The process of motivation is a continuous one(circular one) and is beneficial to both - employer and employees. It is a key to improve work performance of employees.
The term ' motive' is derived from the Latin word 'emovere' which means to move or to activate. Motivation is the act of making someone to act in the desired manner through positive encouragement. It is through motivation that employees can be induced to work more, to earn more and to give better results to the Organization.
Nature of Motivation
1.Psychological Process: Motivation is a psychological process useful for encouraging employees to take more interest in the work assigned. It relates to human relations.
2.Initiative by Manager: The initiative for motivation is by the manager by the manager by offering guidance and also by other methods like appreciation of good work or offering incentives. Management has to adopt special measures for motivating employees. They include monetary as well as non-monetary.
3. Continuous activity: It is continuous and circular process. Subordinates need motivation in a continuous manner as their needs and expectations change from time to time. A manager has to study the needs of workers and use the technique of motivation accordingly. The process of motivation must be made a regular and continuous one.
4.Goal-oriented and action-oriented: Motivation diverts human behavior towards certain goals. Attainment of organizational and individual goals depends on the motivational plans.
5.Broad Concept: Motivation covers needs, human relations and satisfaction of employees. For employee motivation, monetary and other incentives need to be offered. Job sanctification is one such need and is useful for their motivation.
6.Essence of management process: Motivation is an essential function of a manager. He has to motivate his subordinates for achieving organizational objectives. Motivated labor force is an asset of a business unit. Motivated employees bring prosperity to a business unit.
7.Beneficial to employees and management: Motivation offers benefits to employees and Organisation. It avoids crashes and encourages cooperative outlook among employees,. Motivation leads to cordial labor-management relations. It provides more profit to management and better welfare to employees.
8.Varied measures available for motivation: For motivation, various monetary and non monetary incentives can be offered to employees by the management. Attractive wages, welfare facilities, job satisfaction, appreciation of good work, encouragement to self-development, job security and fair treatment are some measures of motivating employees.
9.Motivation is different from satisfaction: Motivation implies a drive towards a result while satisfaction involves results already experienced and achieved. 'When desire is satisfied, employee is motivated'.
10.Related to a person in totally: An employee is motivated in totally and not in part. Employee's basic needs are interested. Management must fulfill all the needs through monetary and non-monetary incentives.
Importance of Motivation
Motivation occupies an important place and position in the whole management process. This technique can be used fruitfully for encouraging workers to make positive contribution for achieveing organizational objectives. Motivation is necessary as human nature needs some sort of inducement, encouragement or incentive in order to get better performance. Motivation of employee's offers may benefits to the Organisation and also to the employees. This suggests the importance of motivating employees. Motivation acts as a technique for improving the performance of employees working at different levels.

Motivation of employees is one function which every manager has to perform along with other managerial functions. A manager has to function as a friend and motivator of his subordinates. Motivation is useful in all aspects of life and even our family life. The same is the case with business. This clearly suggests that motivation is extremely important. it is an integral part of management process itself.
Advantages of Motivation
Advantages of Motivation to Management/Organization
1. Increase in the efficiency and productivity of employees. Motivation ensures a high level performance of employees.
2. Better co-operation from employees and cordial labour-management relations.
3. Reduction in the rate of labour absenteeism and turnover.
4. Reduction in the wastages and industrial accidents.
5. Quick achievement of business/corporate objectives and favorable corporate image.
6. Improvement in the morale of employees.
Advantages of Motivation to Employees/Workers
1. Employees get various monetary and non-monetary facilities/benefits which provide better life and welfare to them.
2. Security of employment and other benefits due to cordial relations with the management.
3. Job attraction and job satisfaction.
4. Higher status and opportunities of participation in management.
5. Positive approach and outlook of employees towards company, management and superiors.
6. Reduction in the rate of labour turnover which is harmful to employees and management.
7. Better scope for improvement in knowledge ans skills of employees.
Motivating Factors
Motivating Factors act as forces of job Satisfaction. They create positive and longer lasting effect on employee's performance and are related to work itself. Adequate provision of such factors called are 'Satisfiers'. They make people happy with their jobs because they serve man's basic needs for psychological growth. In addition, they also motivate employees in their work. Such factors are five and are five and are called motivators by Herzberg. The motivating factors are:

Motivating Factors are:-
1. Achievement
Recognition for Accomplishment
3. Increased Responsibility
Opportunity for Growth and Development
Creative and Challenging Work

Motivating factors motivate subordinates to take more interest in the work. They raise efficiency and productivity of employees. Motivating factors are essential in order to provide job satisfaction and in order to maintain a high level of job performance. Employees will not have job satisfaction if the motivating factors are not provided in sufficient quality by the employer.

Books by Surendra Nath